Basic information on fertilization features leading to problems
As established by veterinary medicine, the stage of the reproductive cycle of a cat (estrus) occurs in a special way. The time of ovulation, that is, the exit of an egg in search of a sperm into the abdominal cavity, occurs in cats after, and not before mating. Not all eggs mature at the same time, and 12-48 hours remain capable of fertilization. In this case, the sperm inside the body of the female can be viable for 4-5 days. Therefore, embryos in the womb can develop with some lag one from another – the duration of gestation, therefore, can fluctuate. Moreover, if a cat walks uncontrollably, then already being pregnant, she can conceive again (scientific definition of superfetatio, additional fertilization, superfetation). There are cases when a low level of progesterone provokes estrus in an already pregnant cat. As a result, a new sexual activity will be provoked between the third and sixth weeks. An additional pregnancy is not excluded if the groom is nearby. Then problems cannot be avoided – either one of the litters will die, or the cat will give birth again after several weeks of full-term second kittens. It will be difficult for such a mother to feed and raise many children on her own. So it is better to monitor the pet during the period when she is pregnant.
The length of the period from mating to the birth of kittens is from 64 days (this is nine weeks plus or minus two to four days). Now there is such an Internet chip as a pregnancy calculator. This calendar applies to the breed of Bengal cats. However, the birth calculator may not have to “guess” how long the pregnancy in cats lasts, since it is impossible to determine exactly on which day of a love date fertilization occurred. Bengaloka litters are not numerous – no more than five kittens, more often – from two to four. All these weeks of natural physiological state need special attention.
pregnancy in bengal cats
Nutrition for a pregnant bengal cat
By the end of the second week of gestation, the cat begins to eat intensely, significantly exceeding the daily norm. But to increase the norm in the first weeks by more than 10%, should not be. Food should be given more often – the pet’s stomach is small, and digestion is difficult due to the growing uterus. The owners need to take a closer look at the balance of the offered feeds. The most correct thing is to purchase special dishes for a pregnant Bengal cat. The amount of vitamins and minerals needed in such industrial products is ideal, calculated by experts. With natural feeding, the expectant mother needs, like people, more calcium in the first weeks (these are fermented milk products), more protein – in the second half of the term. It is unacceptable to forget about additives containing trace elements. It is impossible to overfeed so that the cat is not obese and that the kittens are not too large – this will complicate the birth significantly. Starting from the seventh week, the pregnant woman eats less, and if she began to refuse food, childbirth is approaching. In complete nutrients necessary for the proper development of the fetus, in proper feeding – the key to healthy offspring.
Preparing a Bengal cat for childbirth
In addition to such a task for the period of gestation of kittens, such as ensuring a full diet, vitamins and calm, the owners should take care of the physical activity of the pet and the access of fresh air. It is necessary to ensure that she is not injured, not overworked.
Pregnant bengal cat
Organization of a maternity nest
Toward the end of the nine-week period, it is time to provide a place for childbirth – instinctively, a Bengal in the last week or even two will definitely look for a nest for her cubs. A Bengal cat is best suited for a cardboard box with a hole and holes for ventilation. It is important that she recognize this place as suitable in advance, and not begin to look for another, more inaccessible. A diaper should be laid at the bottom, and a few soft natural sheets should be prepared in reserve.
The Bengal cat gives birth independently and calmly, usually without complications. However, in case of problems with the birthright, you should seek the support of a veterinarian, an experienced breeder, or an amateur who has already given birth to a cat.
In a litter, Bengalis usually give birth to two or four babies (a record of 6), the weight of newborns from about 80 to 130 grams. Cats of this breed are caring smart mothers. How many times a year to give birth to a cat, the owner decides. But without prejudice to the health of the animal, once every 10-12 months is enough. It is important for the owners to ensure the right conditions – then there will be no problems with pregnancy or childbirth, and the reproductive period in Bengal cats will be quite large – there have been cases when the female brought in offspring at a very respectable age.